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Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of duodenal microflora in acute diarrhoea in infants. found in the catalog.

duodenal microflora in acute diarrhoea in infants.

D. G. H. De Silva

duodenal microflora in acute diarrhoea in infants.

by D. G. H. De Silva

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  • 22 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.) - University of Birmingham, Dept of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1983.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13796315M

  Acute gastroenteritis causes substantial complications and is the second leading cause of death worldwide in children younger than 5 years of age. 1 Although rarely lethal in the United States. Health effects Diarrhea. As many prevention methods for diarrhea have adverse effects (e.g. intestinal intussusception in the usage of rotavirus vaccine), scientists are now turning to probiotics in hope of using it as a supplement to treat acute diarrhea. In a review that covered 34 masked, randomized, placebo-controlled trials related to diarrhea and probiotics, it was concluded that there.

Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of death in children below 5 years of age; in addition it is also the reason for a considerable morbidity in children of all ages throughout the globe. Apart from oral rehydration solution, continued feeding, oral zinc and antibiotics for diarrhea of bacterial etiology, there have been no other proven measures for diarrheal illnesses in children. There are only 6 major causes of chronic diarrhea. Most cases of acute diarrhea have to do with food or water poisoning or the stomach flu that causes a temporary set back. However, if the diarrhea persists for more then days it is most likely due to one of the following conditions.

Viral gastroenteritis is an infection of your intestines that typically causes watery diarrhea, pain or cramping in your abdomen, nausea or vomiting, and sometimes fever. People commonly call viral gastroenteritis “stomach flu,” but the term is not medically correct. Flu . The microflora and pH of gastric contents were determined in breast-fed and in bottle-fed normal infants, in well nourished infants with acute diarrhoea and in infants with chronic diarrhoea and protein-calorie malnutrition. The last group of infants was reevaluated after recovery from diarrhoea and protein-calorie malnutrition. A bactericidal pH effect below was observed.


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Duodenal microflora in acute diarrhoea in infants by D. G. H. De Silva Download PDF EPUB FB2

The total duodenal organism count in infants with diarrhoea persisting after 7 days in hospital (group 3) was almost times greater than either of the other groups. The findings may have important implications in preventing persistent diarrhoea from becoming by:   Abstract The duodenal microflora was studied during the first week of diarrhoea in 40 infants with acute infectious diarrhoea of different aetiologies and compared with that in a convalescent group and a group in whom diarrhoea of known aetiology had Cited by: The aerobic and anaerobic bacterial microflora of the upper gastrointestinal tract in infants with protracted diarrhoea has been described and compared with a group of control infants without diarrhoea.

The duodenal juice of patients with protracted diarrhoea was rarely sterile and was characterized by an increase in numbers and types of Cited by: The microflora and pH of gastric contents were determined in breast-fed and in bottle-fed normal infants, in well nourished infants with acute diarrhoea and in infants with chronic diarrhoea and protein-calorie malnutrition.

The last group of infants was reevaluated after recovery from diarrhoea and protein-calorie by: The total duodenal organism count in infants with diarrhoea persisting after 7 days in hospital (group 3) was almost times greater than either of the other groups.

The findings may have important implications in preventing persistent diarrhoea from becoming protracted. Abstract. Culture of the duodenal microflora was performed on 96 infants and children with a variety of gastrointestinal disorders.

The resident microflora consists predominantly of oral-type microorganisms such as α-Streptococci andNeisseria.A fecal-type microflora was found in all 6 infants with postsurgical diarrhea and temporary monosaccharide intolerance; 4 of 22 patients with protracted.

Influence of duodenal microflora in prolonging diarrhoea in Peruvian children 3 to 36 months old was studied, comparing the microflora of 89 children with persistent diarrhoea, 38 children with acute diarrhoea and 34 diarrhoea-free controls, from the same environment.

There were no significant Cookies on CAB Direct. Oral gentamicin is not effective treatment for persistent diarrhea. Acta Paediatr Suppl. Sep; – Penny ME, Paredes P, Brown KH, Laughan B, Smith H.

Lack of a role of the duodenal microflora in pathogenesis of persistent diarrhea and diarrhea-related malabsorption in Peruvian children. Effects of Baby Diarrhea. Diarrhea makes the body lose too much water and minerals called electrolytes.

That leads to dehydration. Babies can get dehydrated very quickly -- within a day or two. Toddler’s diarrhea Toddler’s diarrhea—also called functional diarrhea, or chronic nonspecific diarrhea of childhood—is a common cause of chronic diarrhea in toddlers (ages 1 to 3), and preschool-age children (ages 3 to 5).

Children with toddler’s diarrhea pass four or more watery or loose stools a day and do not have any other symptoms. Diarrhea may be accompanied by anorexia, vomiting, acute weight loss, abdominal pain, fever, or passage of blood. If diarrhea is severe or prolonged, dehydration is likely.

Even in the absence of dehydration, chronic diarrhea usually results in weight loss or failure to gain weight. The duodenal bacterial population was determined qualitatively and quantitatively in 3 groups of infants with diarrhoeal disease of varying duration.

Infants with acute self limiting diarrhoea (group 1) had an abnormal overgrowth of organisms in the upper small bowel which was similar to that found in infants whose diarrhoea persisted after 4 days in hospital (group 2).

This is in accordance with a recent review that states that therapeutic effects of probiotics in children with acute diarrhea seem to be 1) moderate, 2) strain- (LGG, L.

reuteri, B. lactis Bb12) and 3) dose-dependent, 4) more evident when probiotics are applied early in the episode, and 5) significant only in watery diarrhea and viral. In children with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), the most common symptoms are pain in the abdomen, often related to bowel movements, and changes in bowel movements.

These changes may be diarrhea, constipation, or both, depending on what type of IBS a child has. Doctors aren’t sure what causes IBS. Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of death in children below 5 years of age; in addition, it is also the reason for a considerable morbidity in children of all ages throughout the globe.

Abstract. The human gastrointestinal microbiome represents the collective genomic aggregate of an estimated 10 14 microorganisms that reside within the gut. For some time, microbiota research on the proximal gut was largely eclipsed by that of the distal gut; however, recent studies in the esophagus and stomach have shown that proximal gut dysbioses have significant consequences for disease.

After a few days, signs of an acute intestinal disorder are added to flu symptoms. Due to the duality of symptoms, rotavirus infection is often called “gastric or intestinal flu.” Rotavirus infection in children.

Children of preschool age in most cases suffer the disease most seriously. Publisher Summary. This chapter describes the impact of acute diarrhea of different aetiologies on food intake in children.

In a study reviewed in the chapter, 68 children aged between 1 and 5 years, suffering from acute diarrhea because of known aetiological agents. Acute gastroenteritis is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.

Conservative estimates put diarrhea in the top 5 causes of deaths worldwide, with most occurring in young children in nonindustrialized countries. (See 'Summary' below and "Patient education: Acute diarrhea in adults (Beyond the Basics)" and "Patient education: Nausea and vomiting in infants and children (Beyond the Basics)".) DIARRHEA DEFINITION — The normal volume, frequency, and consistency of bowel movements varies with a child's age, weight, and diet, and the definition of diarrhea.

Over-the-counter medicines to treat acute diarrhea in adults can be dangerous for infants, toddlers, and young children. Talk to a doctor before giving your child an over-the-counter medicine.

If your child’s diarrhea lasts more than 24 hours, see a doctor right away. Diarrhoea can be of sudden onset and lasting for less than two weeks (acute) or persistent (chronic).

This leaflet deals with acute diarrhoea, which is common in children. In most cases, diarrhoea eases and goes within several days but sometimes takes longer. The main risk is lack of fluid in the body (dehydration).Diarrhoea is a very common problem in children younger than age five.

The definition of diarrhea is three or more loose or liquid stools per day (or more frequent passage than normal). Reference: WHO. The sudden onset of diarrhea with or without vomiting in a previously healthy child is usually due to acute gastroenteritis.