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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Chromosomal evolution and speciation in primates found in the catalog.

Chromosomal evolution and speciation in primates

Yves Rumpler

Chromosomal evolution and speciation in primates

by Yves Rumpler

  • 143 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Servicio Editorial, Universidad del País Vasco in [Leioa-Vizcaya, Spain] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Primates -- Cytogenetics.,
  • Primates -- Speciation.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementYves Rumpler, Bernard Dutrillaux.
    SeriesCell biology reviews =, Revisiones sobre biología celular,, vol. 23, Revisiones sobre biología celular ;, vol. 23.
    ContributionsDutrillaux, Bernard.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL737.P9 R85 1990
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 137 p. :
    Number of Pages137
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1328558M
    LC Control Number92208190

    Many people take an understandably human-centered view of primate evolution, focusing on the bipedal, large-brained hominids that populated the jungles of Africa a few million years the fact is that primates as a whole — a category of megafauna mammals that includes not only humans and hominids, but monkeys, apes, lemurs, baboons, and tarsiers — have a deep . Geographical isolation influences patterns of evolution, so it is notable that the five “natural groups” of primates, with their distinct distributions, correspond to major subdivisions within the primate evolutionary tree ().Findings from chromosomal and molecular comparisons have broadly confirmed earlier conclusions derived from morphological evidence alone, and a clear Author: Robert D. Martin.

    Evolution of Primates. The first primate-like mammals are referred to as proto-primates. They were roughly similar to squirrels and tree shrews in size and appearance. The existing fossil evidence (mostly from North Africa) is very fragmented. These proto-primates remain largely mysterious creatures until more fossil evidence becomes available.   Chromosomal changes are considered by many as a major driving force behind speciation [1,2,3].They are major sources of accumulation of genetic incompatibilities, and their fixation is the first stage toward complete reproductive isolation [4, 5].Through recombination events [6, 7], transposable element (TE) activity can lead to chromosomal rearrangements [2, Cited by:

    If it were true that a chromosomal split occurred in human evolution, then two distinct human groups would have been generated: one containing 48 chromosomes which were not altered by any genetic change, and a second containing 46 chromosomes including the fusion of chromosome 2 (Figure 2). ronments. Instead, paleoanthropologists use the comparative method to understand morphological adaptations in fossil primates. The comparative method, as it applies to palaeoanthropology, is based on inferences gleaned from studies of form and function in extant primates. Paleoanthropologists look at the relationship between, for example.


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Chromosomal evolution and speciation in primates by Yves Rumpler Download PDF EPUB FB2

Chromosomal Speciation in Primates. In this book, the author promotes the 'web-of-life' metaphor as a more appropriate representation of evolutionary change. Primates (like these chimps pictured opposite) and horses are two taxa that usually live in social groups. It is therefore possible that taxa with subdivided population structures do have higher speciation rates, and maybe this is due to the way chromosomal evolution can proceed more rapidly in these kinds of species.

Shrews, Chromosomes and Speciation represents an extraordinarily detailed consideration of the role of chromosomes in speciation in one astonishing species, providing insights to those interested in mammalian diversity, chromosomal evolution and speciation. Contents. Milestones in common shrew chromosomal research / Jan Zima and Jeremy B.

In contrast to the prediction of the chromosomal speciation hypothesis, the divergence is slightly lower on rearranged than colinear chromosomes, although their difference is not significant (P >Z test; Table 1).

The male-driven evolution hypothesis predicts a higher mutation rate for Y chromosome than autosomes (Li et al. ).Cited by: Peripatric speciation is a mode of speciation in which a new species is formed from an isolated peripheral population.: Since peripatric speciation resembles allopatric speciation, in that populations are isolated and prevented from exchanging genes, it can often be difficult to distinguish between them.

Nevertheless, the primary characteristic of peripatric speciation. Primate speciation: A case study of African apes but this mechanism is relatively understudied in primates. we describe how simple speciation and neutral molecular evolution explain both. Abstract. Rates of chromosomal evolution, morphological evolution and speciation are highly correlated among major vertebrate groups; however, there is not a direct relationship between evolutionary change at these different by: Primate Evolution and Human Origins compiles, for the first time, the major ideas and publications that have shaped our current view of the evolutionary biology of the primates and the origin of the human ed for freshmen-to-graduate students in anthropology, paleontology, and biology, the book is a unique collection of classic papers, culled from the past 20 years of Cited by:   In the Japanese macaque was the first species for which the homology of the entire karyotype was established by cross-species chromosome painting.

Today, there are chromosome painting data on more than 50 species of primates. Although chromosome painting is a rapid and economical method for tracking translocations, it has limited utility for revealing Cited by: X-chromosomal window onto the evolutionary history of the guenons (Primates: Cercopithecini).

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36(1) - Tosi AJ, Detwiler KM, & Disotell TR Y-chromosomal markers suitable for non-invasive studies of guenon hybridization. International Journal of Primatology. 26(3) Testing the Chromosomal Speciation Hypothesis for Humans and Chimpanzees Jianzhi Zhang,1 Xiaoxia Wang, and Ondrej Podlaha Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MichiganUSA Fixed differences of chromosomal rearrangements between isolated populations may promote speciation by.

Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans, beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family, the great process involved the gradual development of traits such as human bipedalism and.

The book retains its grounding in the extant primate groups as the best way to understand the fossil trail and the evolution of these modern forms. However, this coverage is now streamlined, making reference to the many new and excellent books on living primate ecology and adaptation – a field that has burgeoned since the first edition of Cited by: The evolution of H.

pylori bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers and cancer to evolve surface proteins similar to those found on the surface of red blood cells of individuals with blood type "O". Among which of the following groups is the "B" blood type least common. Figure A Philippine tarsier.

This tarsier, Carlito syrichta, is one of the smallest primates—about 5 inches long, from nose to the base of the tail is not shown, but is about twice the length of the body. Note the large eyes, each of which is about the same size as the animal's brain, and the long hind legs.

This is instructive, because, as primates ourselves, we have a natural tendency to overestimate the place of primates in the general scheme of animal life. Humility is sometimes edifying. I will use it to press the case throughout this book that the study of other mammals can illuminate major questions in primate and human : $   Evolution of Primates.

The first primate-like mammals are referred to as proto-primates. They were roughly similar to squirrels and tree shrews in size and appearance. The existing fossil evidence (mostly from North Africa) is very fragmented.

These proto-primates remain largely mysterious creatures until more fossil evidence becomes : OpenStaxCollege. John Fleagle has improved on his text by reconceptualizing chapters and by bringing new findings in functional and evolutionary approaches to bear on his synthesis of comparative primate data.

The Second Edition provides a foundation upon which students can develop an understanding of our primate heritage. It features up-to-date information gained through 5/5(1). Primate Evolution and Human Origins compiles, for the first time, the major ideas and publications that have shaped our current view of the evolutionary biology of the primates and the origin of the human line.

Designed for freshmen-to-graduate students in anthropology, paleontology, and biology, the book is a unique collection of classic papers, culled from the past 20 years of. Convergent evolution of chromosomal characters by reversion events has also been documented in other taxonomic groups such as primates, particularly in callitrichine lineages (Platyrrhini) in which translocations and inversions were identified (Gerbault-Serreau et al.

).Cited by: 4. Figure After speciation has occurred, the two separate but closely related species may continue to produce offspring in an area called the hybrid zone. Reinforcement, fusion, or stability may result, depending on reproductive barriers and the relative fitness of the hybrids.King () has eloquently stated this in his comprehensive book on Speciation by saying: “ Numerous recently published books or conference proceedings have either downgraded the significance of chromosomal speciation or simply ignored it.

to think that much of the data presented in this book did not exist ”.theory of evolution. M.J.D. White () attempted to do this in his book Animal Cytology and Evolution, but ultimately failed, the subject matter being widely deemed too esoteric at the time (G.G.

Simpson, personal communication). Stebbins () elaborated the role of chromosomal changes in plant evolution, and White'sCited by: